Apnea is a condition in which a baby periodically stops breathing for more than 15 to 20 seconds. Premature infants, particularly those born more than seven weeks early, may suffer from apnea from time to time. While in the womb, babies receive oxygen from the mother’s placenta.
Is it normal for baby to stop breathing for a few seconds?
Some babies can take a pause in their breathing for up to 10 seconds or a few seconds longer. Their next few breaths may be fast and shallow. Then they breathe steadily again. This is called periodic breathing.
Why does my baby keep stopping breathing?
Breath-holding is when a baby or child stops breathing for up to 1 minute and may faint. It can happen when a child is frightened, upset, angry, or has a sudden shock or pain. It’s usually harmless but can be scary for parents, particularly when it happens for the first time.
Why do babies stop breathing for a few seconds while sleeping?
Normally, the brain controls breathing automatically. During sleep, when the brain is less active, breathing becomes slower and shallower. It is also normal for infants (and some adults) to have short pauses in breathing. In infant apnea, these pauses are too long.
When should I worry about my baby’s breathing?
See your doctor immediately if your child: is grunting or moaning at the end of each breath. has nostrils flaring, which means they’re working harder to get oxygen into their lungs. has muscles pulling in on the neck, around collarbones, or ribs.
Can you stop SIDS while it’s happening?
SIDS can’t be completely prevented, but there are things you can do to reduce your baby’s risk as much as possible. Safe sleeping practices are at the top of the list, and setting up a healthy sleep environment is the most effective way to keep your little one protected.
What age is highest risk for SIDS?
More than 90% of SIDS deaths occur before babies reach 6 months of age. Even though SIDS can occur anytime during a baby’s first year, most SIDS deaths occur in babies between 1 and 4 months of age.
Can a baby suddenly stop breathing?
A brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) is when an infant younger than one year stops breathing, has a change in muscle tone, turns pale or blue in color, or is unresponsive. The event occurs suddenly, lasts less than 30 to 60 seconds, and is frightening to the person caring for the infant.
What should I do if my baby stops breathing?
It’s best to top up the level of oxygen in your baby before calling 999. If you are on your own, give rescue breaths and chest compressions for one minute and then call 999. After you’ve called 999, continue rescue breaths and chest compressions until help arrives.
Is it normal for babies to have irregular breathing?
Newborns tend to have an irregular breathing pattern that alternates between fast and slow, with occasional pauses. If your baby makes noises when breathing, take note of what they sound like, or make a recording for the next visit with the pediatrician.
What are the first signs of RSV?
The most common symptoms of RSV include:
- Runny nose.
- Short periods without breathing (apnea)
- Trouble eating, drinking, or swallowing.
- Flaring of the nostrils or straining of the chest or stomach while breathing.
- Breathing faster than usual, or trouble breathing.
How do I know if my child has sleep apnea?
What are the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea in a child?
- Loud snoring or noisy breathing (gasping or snorting) during sleep.
- Pauses in breathing, lasting usually a few seconds up to a minute.
- Mouth breathing.
- A nasal voice.
- Restlessness during sleep.
- Too much daytime sleepiness or irritability.
What are the signs of sleep apnea in babies?
During sleep, signs and symptoms of pediatric sleep apnea might include:
- Pauses in breathing.
- Restless sleep.
- Snorting, coughing or choking.
- Mouth breathing.
- Nighttime sweating.
- Sleep terrors.