The one on the top of the head remains present until your baby is between 7 and 19 months old. A baby’s soft spots should be relatively firm and curve ever so slightly inward. A soft spot with a noticeable inward curve is known as a sunken fontanel. This condition requires immediate medical attention.
What does sunken fontanelle indicate?
The fontanelles should feel firm and very slightly concave to the touch. A noticeably sunken fontanelle is a sign that the infant does not have enough fluid in its body. The sutures or anatomical lines where the bony plates of the skull join together can be easily felt in the newborn infant.
Can you hurt a baby by pushing on their soft spot?
Can I hurt my baby’s brain if I touch the soft spot? Many parents worry that their baby will be injured if the soft spot is touched or brushed over. The fontanel is covered by a thick, tough membrane which protects the brain. There is absolutely no danger of damaging your baby with normal handling.
What happens if you push on a baby’s soft spot?
They allow your baby’s brain to grow larger at a fast rate over their first year of life. It’s important to avoid pressing into their soft spots, as it could cause damage to their skull or brain.
How do I know if my baby is dehydrated?
These are some signs of dehydration to watch for in children:
- Dry tongue and dry lips.
- No tears when crying.
- Fewer than six wet diapers per day (for infants), and no wet diapers or urination for eight hours (in toddlers).
- Sunken soft spot on infant’s head.
- Sunken eyes.
- Dry and wrinkled skin.
- Deep, rapid breathing.
How should a baby’s soft spot feel?
When you gently run your fingers over the top of your child’s head, the soft spot should feel soft and flat with a slight downward curve. When your child is crying, vomiting, or lying down, the anterior fontanelle may look raised or like it’s bulging.
Why is there a dent in my baby’s head?
Sometimes babies are born with an indentation in their skull. These indentations can be caused by the birth process or by the way the baby was positioned in their mother’s womb. If the bones in a baby’s skull fuse prematurely, the baby’s head may appear dented or misshapen — a condition called craniosynostosis.
What happens if fontanelle closes late?
Delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle is often associated with significant disease entities. Range of normal closure of the anterior fontanelle is 4 to 26 months. Increased intracranial pressure, hypothyroidism, and skeletal anomalies are common etiologic factors.
When can I give my baby water?
If your baby is under 6 months old, they only need to drink breastmilk or infant formula. From 6 months of age, you can give your baby small amounts of water, if needed, in addition to their breastmilk or formula feeds.