How does diabetes affect a pregnant woman?

Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.

How does diabetes affect the baby during pregnancy?

Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.

Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?

“If you’ve been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you can have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, but the goal is to immediately start managing your blood glucose levels closely with a glucometer as soon you become aware of the issue,” explains Smith.

What should a pregnant woman with diabetes avoid?

Diabetes During Pregnancy: Diet Tips

  • Eat 3 meals and 2–3 snacks per day. …
  • Measure your servings of starchy foods. …
  • One 8-ounce cup of milk at a time. …
  • One small portion of fruit at a time. …
  • Eat more fiber. …
  • Breakfast Matters. …
  • Avoid fruit juice and sugary drinks. …
  • Strictly limit sweets and desserts.
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What birth defects are caused by diabetes?

Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies.

What happens when your sugar is too high while pregnant?

High blood sugar can cause problems all over the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves. It can harm the eyes, kidneys, and heart. In early pregnancy, high blood sugar can lead to birth defects in a growing baby.

Can you have a healthy baby with type 2 diabetes?

A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.

What is considered high blood sugar for a pregnant woman?

At Mayo Clinic, if your blood glucose level is higher than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, your doctor will recommend the three-hour test. If your blood glucose level is higher than 190 mg/dL (10.6 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, you’ll be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

How do you feel when your sugar is high during pregnancy?

Unusual thirst. Frequent urination in large amounts (distinguished from the also frequent but usually light urination of early pregnancy) Fatigue (which may be difficult to differentiate from normal pregnancy fatigue) Sugar in the urine (detected at a routine practitioner visit)

Which fruit is good for diabetes in pregnancy?

Citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, and tangerines. Fruit juices without added sugar. Fresh fruits and juices. They are more nutritious than frozen or canned varieties.

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Are bananas good for gestational diabetes?

Bananas are a safe and nutritious fruit for people with diabetes to eat in moderation as part of a balanced, individualized diet plan. A person with diabetes should include fresh, plant food options in the diet, such as fruits and vegetables.