One of the first assessments is a baby’s Apgar score. At one minute and five minutes after birth, infants are checked for heart and respiratory rates, muscle tone, reflexes, and color. This helps identify babies that have difficulty breathing or have other problems that need further care.
Why is newborn assessment important?
Before the new born is sent home, a detailed examination is necessary. The purposes are: – To identify any anomaly and birth injury which might have got missed out at earlier examination. – To assess any other problem.
What are the reflexes of a newborn?
- Moro reflex.
- Sucking reflex (sucks when area around mouth is touched)
- Startle reflex (pulling arms and legs in after hearing loud noise)
- Step reflex (stepping motions when sole of foot touches hard surface)
What is the immediate care of a newborn?
Immediate care involves: Drying the baby with warm towels or cloths, while being placed on the mother’s abdomen or in her arms. This mother-child skin-to-skin contact is important to maintain the baby’s temperature, encourage bonding and expose the baby to the mother’s skin bacteria.
What are normal newborn vital signs?
What are vital signs?
|Heart rate||100 to 160 beats per minute (bpm)|
|Respiration (breaths)||0 to 6 months 30 to 60 breaths per minute (bpm) 6 to 12 months 24 to 30 bpm|
|Blood pressure ( systolic/ diastolic) 1||0 to 6 months 65 to 90/45 to 65 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) 6 to 12 months 80 to 100/55 to 65 mm Hg|
What is the normal chest circumference of a newborn?
The body of a normal newborn is essentially cylindrical; head circumference slightly exceeds that of the chest. For a term baby, the average circumference of the head is 33–35 cm (13–14 inches), and the average circumference of the chest is 30–33 cm (12–13 inches).
What is a good Apgar score for a baby?
The Apgar score is based on a total score of 1 to 10. The higher the score, the better the baby is doing after birth. A score of 7, 8, or 9 is normal and is a sign that the newborn is in good health.
Why does the pediatrician check by feeling the skull of a newborn?
Feeling the cranial sutures and fontanelles is one way that health care providers follow the child’s growth and development. They are able to assess the pressure inside the brain by feeling the tension of the fontanelles.
What is ridge on baby’s head?
When a child has metopic synostosis: The metopic suture — the joint that runs from the baby’s fontanel (the “soft spot” at the top of the head) down the forehead to the top of her nose — closes too early. The baby develops a noticeable ridge extending along the center of her forehead.