Group B Streptococcus also known as Group B Strep Infection (GBS) is a type of bacterial infection that can be found in a pregnant woman’s vagina or rectum. This bacteria is normally found in the vagina and/or rectum of about 25% of all healthy, adult women. Women who test positive for GBS are said to be colonized.
How does a pregnant woman get strep B?
Group B strep bacteria aren’t sexually transmitted, and they’re not spread through food or water. How the bacteria are spread to anyone other than newborns isn’t known. Group B strep can spread to a baby during a vaginal delivery if the baby is exposed to — or swallows — fluids containing group B strep.
How did I get strep B?
How do people become carriers of group B Strep? Like many bacteria, GBS may be passed from one person to another through skin-to-skin contact, for example, hand contact, kissing, close physical contact, etc. As GBS is often found in the vagina and rectum of colonised women, it can be passed through sexual contact.
What happens if you test positive for group B strep?
If you test positive for group B strep, it doesn’t mean that you’re ill or that your baby will be affected. It simply means you need treatment to prevent an infection in your baby. Talk with your health care provider about how you’ll incorporate your group B strep treatment into your labor plan.
Is strep bad for pregnancy?
Anyone who is pregnant and thinks that they may have strep throat should see a doctor. Doctors can treat strep throat with medications that fight bacterial infections. Although it does not often happen, untreated strep throat during pregnancy can lead to serious medical complications in both the woman and the fetus.
Is Strep B an STD?
The bacteria that cause group B strep disease normally live in the intestine, vagina, or rectal areas. Group B strep colonization is not a sexually transmitted disease (STD).. One of every four or five pregnant women carries GBS in the rectum or vagina.
What does it mean when you test positive for strep B while pregnant?
If you test positive for GBS, this simply means you are a carrier. Not every baby who is born to a mother who tests positive for GBS will become ill. Approximately 1 out of every 200 babies whose mothers carry GBS and are not treated with antibiotics will develop signs and symptoms of GBS.
Can Strep B go away?
Early recognition and treatment is important to cure GBS infection in adults. High doses of antibiotics such as penicillin should be administered and the full course taken. Most GBS infection can be treated successfully, although some people will require all the expertise of intensive care facilities.
What does group B strep discharge look like?
Even though health care providers do not widely recognize GBS vaginitis, GBS can cause yellow or green discharge as well as vaginal burning and/or irritation. These symptoms may be mistaken for a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis.
What are the symptoms of strep B in pregnancy?
Group B strep infections can affect newborn babies and adults. Most pregnant women who are colonized by the bacteria have no symptoms. The infection can be spread to infants before or during birth. Signs and symptoms of GBS neonatal infection may include fever, breathing problems, seizures, lethargy, and poor feeding.
Can you refuse GBS test?
If you are refusing testing and treatment of Group B Strep there is a 1% chance your baby will be exposed. The risks to the baby of untreated Group B Strep are infection, pneumonia, meningitis and death.
When do you treat GBS in pregnancy?
Treatment works best when it begins at least 4 hours before childbirth. If you have GBS and you’re having a scheduled cesarean birth (c-section) before labor starts and before your water breaks, you probably don’t need antibiotics. It’s not helpful to take oral antibiotics before labor to treat GBS.
Can I pass group B strep to my husband?
Can I pass group B Strep onto my partner? GBS is not a sexually transmitted disease and GBS bacteria do not spread through food or water. However, because GBS can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact and it’s often found in the vagina or rectum, it can be passed through sexual contact.