In type 2 diabetes, the major causes of pregnancy loss were stillbirth, birth asphyxia, and chorioamnionitis. Unexplained stillbirth and chorioamnionitis were strikingly more prevalent in women with type 2 diabetes than in women with type 1 diabetes.
How does type 2 diabetes affect pregnancy?
When your blood sugar is high, it causes the baby to be “overfed.” This can increase risks of shoulder injuries during delivery and increases the likelihood of a cesarean delivery, or C-section. Preterm birth. Women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more likely to give birth early than women without diabetes.
Can diabetes cause a miscarriage?
High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth. High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage or a stillborn baby.
How common are miscarriages in diabetics?
In all women with preexisting diabetes mellitus, there is a 9-14% rate of miscarriage. Current data suggest a strong association between the degree of glycemic control before pregnancy and the miscarriage rate. Suboptimal glycemic control has been shown to double the miscarriage rate in women with diabetes.
Can diabetes cause first trimester miscarriage?
High blood sugar levels early in the pregnancy (before 13 weeks) can cause birth defects. They also can increase the risks of miscarriage and diabetes-related complications.
What can a pregnant woman eat with type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes During Pregnancy: Diet Tips
- Eat 3 meals and 2–3 snacks per day. …
- Measure your servings of starchy foods. …
- One 8-ounce cup of milk at a time. …
- One small portion of fruit at a time. …
- Eat more fiber. …
- Breakfast Matters. …
- Avoid fruit juice and sugary drinks. …
- Strictly limit sweets and desserts.
Should I continue taking metformin when pregnant?
Metformin has a very low risk of birth defects and complications for your baby, making this drug safe to take before and during pregnancy.
What weeks are the highest risk for miscarriage?
March of Dimes reports a miscarriage rate of only 1 to 5 percent in the second trimester.
- Weeks 0 to 6. These early weeks mark the highest risk of miscarriage. A woman can have a miscarriage in the first week or two without realizing she’s pregnant. …
- Weeks 6 to 12.
- Weeks 13 to 20. By week 12, the risk may fall to 5 percent.
Do pregnancy tests work on diabetics?
If your blood glucose is higher than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L), the next step is the oral glucose tolerance test. This test will show if you have gestational diabetes. Most women (about 2 out of 3) who take this test do not have gestational diabetes.
Can you have a healthy baby with type 2 diabetes?
A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.
What birth defects can diabetes cause?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies.
How do you know when blood sugar is high?
If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Stomach pain.
- Fruity breath odor.
- A very dry mouth.